In 2013, the German government enacted the Site Selection Act for the search for a final repository for radioactive waste. Although a recovery option is specified within a period of 500 years, the repository is to be designed for a duration of 1 million years.
The storage of nuclear waste is in principle a technical issue. Storage in suitable rock strata makes sense in principle, but it is essential to monitor the waste for the entire duration of its emplacement.
This provides the option to retrieve the waste at any time. E.g., to change containers or to use the materials for other purposes. As accurately as the decay of the isotopes can be predicted, the technical development is unclear. If a decision made today turns out to be technically wrong in the future, coupled with irreversible conditions, as in the case of Asse II, it usually becomes particularly expensive.
Things that we take for granted today (flying, cell phones, washing machines) were considered science fiction beforehand. We are certainly still in the technological stone age in some areas. That's why it's important to keep options open - even when it comes to nuclear waste. Is it so unlikely that a few generations later this will be seen as an opportunity or raw material?
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